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A artificial intelligence (AI) has assumed an increasingly crucial role in various spheres of society, and Brazilian justice is no exception to this transformation. Recently, the Generative Artificial Intelligence (GIA) has emerged as an innovative force, capable of producing content in an automated manner, offering significant potential to optimize judicial processes and improve the efficiency of the Brazilian legal system.  

Continue reading and understand how IAG is impacting Brazilian justice. Also check out the main benefits of this technology, the challenges and ethical implications.

What is Generative Artificial Intelligence (GIA)? 

IAG refers to software systems capable of creating new and original content and, believe me, it is often almost impossible to distinguish from that produced by humans. 

This complex and creative content can be presented in different formats, including texts, images, audio and even videos. In the scope of document creation, this category of AI includes advanced language models, such as GPT-4 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 4) and Llama 2 (Large Language Meta AI Model).

All of these models are capable of generating coherent and relevant texts based on objectives defined by the users of these tools. This unique capability has profound implications for justice, from automating routine tasks to generating complex legal arguments.

Main Benefits of IAG for Brazilian justice 

One of the main practical benefits of Generative Artificial Intelligence for Brazilian justice is the ability to automate legal activities. Tasks such as document review, contract analysis and process screening can be carried out more efficiently and accurately with the help of this resource. 

This not only reduces the time needed to perform these tasks, but also minimizes the risk of human errors, contributing to improving the quality of work. Another advantage is that it allows actors in the legal system to focus on strategic and more complex issues. 

The identification of structured information in legal texts is another application in which IAG offers significant benefits to the Brazilian judicial system. By identifying relevant information such as addresses, dates, parties involved, legal grounds and contractual clauses, for example, it speeds up the process of analyzing large volumes of documents. Thus, it contributes to the accuracy of crucial elements mentioned in the Court Records. 

The result is more agile and efficient processes, which benefit both legal operators and citizens who seek access to justice more quickly and effectively.

IAG can also be used in proposal of draft pieces, reducing some of the more repetitive writing and allowing legal professionals to focus on the more creative and intellectually challenging aspects of drafting their pieces. 

This innovative approach not only streamlines the legal document drafting process, but also positively impacts the consistency and standardization, avoiding common mistakes and ensuring adequate legal language. 

However, for all these applications, it is crucial that human intervention remains present to review and validate the information generated by artificial intelligence. This is essential to ensure compliance with current legal standards and preserve the essence of law as an essentially human discipline.

Challenges and ethical concerns of applying IAG

Despite the potential benefits, the introduction of IAG in Brazilian justice is not without ethical challenges and concerns. Excessive dependence on algorithms can generate distrust, especially if the population perceives a lack of transparency in the decision-making process. 

These concerns are also present in other countries: in one search carried out by the Thomson Reuters institute in law firms in the USA, Canada and the United Kingdom, 62% of respondents expressed concern about the use of IAG in justice and only 51% believe that it should be applied in judicial work.

Part of this insecurity is caused by limitations of the technology itself. Text production AGIs, for example, may present hallucinations, which consist of the creation of false or unreal information. Machine learning models of this type can produce texts that appear plausible and believable, but which in reality contain partially or completely misleading information.

Furthermore, data security It's a constant concern. AI systems deal with sensitive information and strict measures, such as the General Data Protection Law (LGPD), need to be implemented to protect the privacy of parties involved in legal proceedings. Specific legislation on the use of AI in the legal context also needs to be developed to fill legal gaps and protect citizens' rights.

Therefore, it is crucial to address ethical issues related to transparency and impartiality, as AI algorithms can inherit and perpetuate biases present in training data. This reinforces the importance of regular audits and human supervision in the use of these tools.

What to expect in the future in the use of IAG in Brazilian justice? 

IAG's impact on Brazilian justice is a constantly evolving journey. As technology evolves and becomes more integrated into the Brazilian legal system, it is important to consider the implications of this technology for justice in the country. The increasing adoption of this resource can result in significant advances in the efficiency, accessibility and impartiality of justice, offering tangible benefits to legal professionals and citizens.

However, it is essential that judicial institutions are prepared to adopt these innovations in an ethical and responsible manner. The development of specific policies and regulations, transparency in decision-making processes and ensuring impartiality are key aspects to maximizing the benefits of IAG in justice. 

IAG is transforming the way Brazilian justice operates, offering significant opportunities to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the legal system. However, it is imperative to address ethical issues and challenges associated with this technology to ensure that the implementation of these innovations occurs in an ethical, transparent and fair manner. Want to understand more about how digital transformation is impacting the public sector? Click here and check out a complete article on the subject!

Mauricio Seiji

Mauricio Seiji

Computer Scientist with a master's degree in Artificial Intelligence from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and a PhD in Knowledge Engineering from the Federal University of Santa Catarina. He has been working on software development projects for 28 years and currently leads an Applied Artificial Intelligence team at the company Softplan. Maurício has been a professor of undergraduate and postgraduate courses since 2003 and is currently a minister in the Artificial Intelligence course at PUC in Rio Grande do Sul.

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